What Is Farming And Its 12 Types

In this article, you will get information regarding what is farming, Its different types, its history, and its importance.

I will introduce you to every info about what is farming and its types.

In case you are looking to begin your profession in Farming. Keep studying.

Learning is earning.

What Is Farming?

Farming is a part of Agriculture. The Process of growing crops and keeping livestock(animals) to produce food and raw materials for humans and animals is called Farming.

It includes the cultivation of crops such as wheat, rice, pulses, sugarcane, etc. It also includes farming of animals such as cows for beef and milk, Hens for eggs and meat, etc.

Now you should also know about the history of Farming.

Different Types of farming

What Is The History Of Farming

Agriculture became invented around 7000 and 12000 years back by humans during the New stone age. The crops were peas, lentils, chickpeas flax, etc. One of the Oldest human activities is farming.

Bronze Age: In this era, the world invented superior metalworking strategies and stronger implements of farming.

Middle Age: Farmers started out imposing complicated irrigation structures which include water-raising systems, dams. With moldboard plow and three field machines of crop rotation enlarged the potential of agriculture.

In between the 17th to 19th centuries new techniques of crop rotation started cultivating forested and marshy land.

Agriculture has evolved over the years. The first tractor showed its presence in 1892.

Now lets us move to types of farming.

What Are Different Types Of Farming

What is farming and its different types

1. Organic Farming

In this type of farming system, crops are grown by using ecological pesticides and organic fertilizers like green manure, compost manure, and bone meal. Special cultivation techniques are used like companion planting and crop rotation.

Using of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is prohibited in this type. The motive of this farming method is to grow crops naturally without using any chemical substance.

The US, UK, Canada, and others countries regulate rules for organic agriculture. Food producers in these countries must have a special certificate to grow organic crops.

Organic farming was started in the 1940s for the industrialization of farming and was named the green revolution.

2. Arable Farming

Instead of producing vegetables, fruits, and raising livestock, Arable farming is all about growing crops like wheat and barley. Crops under this farming system grow on a big mass.

A few examples of arable crops are pulses, wheat, rice, oilseeds, fiber crops, tuber crops. These crops are generally fully grown within 12 Months.

Fact: Arable farms cover 12 million square miles of land on the earth’s surface. But it decreases every single year on a big scale.

3. Dry Farming

Dry farming is commonly accomplished on drylands where there is a shortage of water and a lack of irrigation systems.

Sunflower, watermelon, corn, bean, and winter wheat are some examples of dryland crops.

animal breeding as a part of farming

4. Pastoral Farming

Farming that involves the raising of animals for food and raw materials purposes is known as Pastoral Farming. Dairy farming, raising sheep for wool, hens for eggs and meat, cows for milk and beef are some examples of pastoral farming.

The major problem with this farming is polluting our surroundings in a huge manner. Pastoral farming is the source of 18% of greenhouse gases. Polluting water, environmental pollution, losing genetic diversity are some of its crises.

5. Mixed Farming

Farming which involves both cultivations of crops and raising of animals on the same farm is called Mixed farming. Normally farmers grow crops for their animal’s food and for themselves.

For example: In India, farmers raise cows, buffaloes for milk and grow crops for their own consumption and for trading.

Benefits of Mixed Farming Are:

  • It increases soil fertility.
  • Farmers don’t have to rely on one income.
  • Milk, eggs, and meat are daily meals in cities areas.
  • Can grow food for pedestrians in the same farm that decreases the cost of fodder.
What is Gardening And its different types

6. Urban Farming

Agricultural practices such as the cultivation of plants and raising animals around cities area are known as urban gardening or urban agriculture or urban farming. Gardening is mostly performed in urban areas.

If you are willing to start farming urban gardening is best for you. You can start anywhere in your home, lawn, garden, terrace, and balcony.

As cities are growing urban gardening is growing too. People are showing their interest in gardening activities. Which is healthy for both environment and us.

Fresh veggies, fruits, better mental and physical health, lowering carbon in the air around cities are some of the benefits of Gardening. What is gardening and its types all you need to know?

7. Extensive Farming

Extensive farming is a farming activity completed in a large land area that requires low labor inputs, small maintenance costs, and little investment. Mainly crops like wheat, barley are cultivated on a big level.

In this farming method, commonly cattle and sheep are raised by farmers and keep agricultural activity low. Its per hectare output is low but total production is high because of the large area keeping.

8. Intensive Farming

On the opposite of Extensive Farming, Intensive Farming can be executed in a small land area but it requires high-cost labor, pesticides, fertilizers, and more money to rise high production capacity.

Its per hectare output is high. The motive of intense farming is to use chemicals such as fertilizers and machines to increase the production of crops.

But this farming method causes heavy damage to the environment and decreases soil fertility because of heavy chemical use.

9. Sedentary Farming

Farming system in which the cultivation of crops is performed in the same farmland every year is called sedentary farming. The Soil loses its nutrients because of the sedentary farming process.

Pulses, Banana, sweet potato, maize, tobacco, and root crops are some examples of this farming system.

What is Gardening And its different types

10. Commercial Farming

An agricultural system in which the Cultivation of crops and raising livestock is done with the motive to sell produced products in the market to make earnings. It’s a major part of the world’s agriculture industry.

Uses of chemical substances is likewise a massive issue here. Medicines and nutritional supplements are used for raising livestock and the same process with the crops to maximize the output for profit. That’s unhealthy however profit is the main aim.

11. Nomadic Farming

Nomadic Farming is a method in which farmers herd their animals from one place to another with the motive to find fresh food and water. Nomadic Farming produces high-quality products such as meat, milk, wool, and hides.

Cattle, buffalo, goats, sheep, horses, donkeys, or other species are some examples of livestock herded under this farming system. Different animals are herded from culture to culture and region to region.

12. Subsistence Farming

In this Farming system, Farmers Grow plants, crops, and livestock for their own family consumption with no motive to sell their produce products.

The main intention is to grow food and clothes for their survival and if something is left will be traded.

What Are The Benefits Of The Farming?

Benefits For Farmers

  • They consume healthy and fresh food than people who live in the city.
  • They stay physically fit because of farming work and live longer.
  • They are enjoying their work and stay happy rather than people who live in the city.
  • They are running a major part of the economy.

Benefits And Importance Of Farming 

  • It covers the rate of unemployment in the nation.
  • Eliminates carbon from the air, beneficial for the environment.
  • Innovating new farming methods which derive opportunities for tech companies to enhance the farming systems.
  • Improving health by medicines, raw materials of medicines are grown by farmers.


Now it’s less complicated to see what is Farming and its different types of farming. We have found out how Farming can be beneficial for both farmers and the economy.

It’s clear that Farming is a more fit interest and healthy for our surroundings too.

I’m positive that you are happy with the info and proportion your mind within the comment box.

In case you discover this content material useful and exciting then help me to reach out to folks that are looking to start farming. Thank you earlier.

Leave a Comment